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Israeli court approves demolition of Palestinian village

May 4, 2015 9:47 P.M. (Updated: May 5, 2015 7:31 P.M.)
HEBRON (Ma'an) -- The high Israeli court on Monday approved a request of the Israeli civil administration to demolish the tents and homes of Khirbet Susiya village near Hebron, leaving 450 people homeless.

Nasr al-Nawajaa, a resident of the village, said the court decision was made "under the pretext that there is no infrastructure in the area."

The head of the village's local council, Jihad al-Nawajaa, said that the "Israeli occupation wants to displace us from our land to build a park for settlers."

"We have been here for over 30 years and will not leave," he added. "We have been repeatedly harassed, and our homes have been destroyed by occupation forces and settlers, but we will not leave."

Al-Nawajaa explained that at the end of 2012, "we filed a request for the civil administration through an Israeli organization to approve the outline plan for the northern part of the village, and in December 2013 the Israeli court allowed us to apply for the outline plan for the southern part of the village.

"But the civil administration rejected the proposed plans and punished the residents by issuing demolition orders to all buildings in Susiya."

Approval of building plans for Palestinians in the occupied West Bank is subject to political considerations, Israeli defense officials have acknowledged.

The admission came as a landmark court case seeks to challenge Israel's housing policy in Area C, which covers 60 percent of the West Bank but is under full Israeli civil and security control.

All building in Area C, whether by Palestinians or Jewish settlers, comes under the jurisdiction of the Israeli Civil Administration which has full control over all zoning and planning issues.

In practice, almost all Palestinian applications for a building permit are rejected, with the Civil Administration granting only a handful of permits.

In a written response to AFP regarding the legal case in which a Palestinian village and a coalition of NGOs are seeking to tackle Israel's policy of house demolitions, COGAT -- the defense ministry body to which the Civil Administration belongs -- admitted that planning issues required political approval.

"Any construction in Area C, both Palestinian and Israeli, requires the approval of the qualified authorities, according to the law practiced in the region and in accordance with the Interim Agreement," it said, referring to the 1995 Oslo 2 agreement which divided the West Bank into areas A, B and C.

"The Civil Administration's planning committee examines and promotes construction plans equitably, dependent on the fact that these plans meet the relevant planning criteria and their promotion is approved by the political echelon," it said, without giving further detail.

Experts have long suspected that the Israel's housing policy in Area C is not just a civilian matter but has a political bias.

In 2014, the Civil Administration granted just one Palestinian building permit, according to Israeli planning NGO Bimkom.

In the same period, Israel carried 493 demolitions, displacing 969 people, UN figures show.

Unable to get "legal" permission, Palestinians are faced with either leaving or building illegally.

Israel regularly sends bulldozers to demolish hundreds of homes and other structures every year in a move sharply condemned by rights groups and the international community.

The legal case, which is currently before the Supreme Court, seeks to return local planning issues to the Palestinians by reviving local and district planning committees which existed before the 1967 Six-Day War and were abolished by military order in 1971.

Such a move would provide an answer for the problem of illegal building, and by extension impact on house demolitions, the petitioners say.

AFP contributed to this report.
Ben Alofs / UK/Netherlands
Israel's plans for Khirbet Susya, the destruction of Bedouin homes in the E1 area and the destruction of the Bedouin town of Umm al-Hiran in the northern Naqb (Negev) is all part of the same process started in 1948: the ethnic cleansing of the Palestinian people and the destruction of their culture.
07/05/2015 12:46
Kelly / Ireland
No doubt the home owners have indemnity insurance and planning permission and building regulation indemnity, for when the local authority might seek to enforce breaches of planning regulations.
08/05/2015 17:26
@ Ben / USA
Israel has plans for the land. And, Palestinians have plans for the land. And, the bottom line is that Palestinian plans break the law, by approving building, without getting government permits.
10/05/2015 16:14
@ Kelly / USA
Palestinian illegal building violates the states building code, which is often encouraged and funded by EU taxes and donations !!
10/05/2015 16:15
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