Saturday, Aug. 01
Latest News
  1. Iraqis protest over poor services, salty tap water
  2. Dozens dead as Syria army 'pushes back rebels near regime heartland'
  3. Yemen PM returns to Aden from Saudi exile
  4. Airport source: Yemen PM returns to Aden from Saudi exile
  5. New Taliban leader calls for unity in ranks in first audio message
  6. Iraqis vent rage at power shortages, 'corrupt' leaders
  7. Report: Some 260 PKK members killed in Turkey air strikes
  8. Iraqi Kurdistan urges Turkey to halt PKK bombardment
  9. Bin Laden relatives killed in UK plane crash
  10. Five Libyan troops killed, 18 missing after 'IS attack'
  11. 'Qaeda' suicide bombing kills 9 in Yemen
  12. Al-Qaeda in Syria attacks US-trained rebel base
  13. Kerry sets off on Mideast trip to Egypt, Doha
  14. 12 killed in Colombia military plane accident
  15. 'PKK attack' kills 2 police in tense Turkey
  16. Local official: 10 killed in Boko Haram attack in Nigeria village
  17. Tunisia extends state of emergency by 2 months
  18. Erdogan slams claims of Turkey IS cooperation as 'black propaganda'
  19. Trial results: Vaccine offers 100% Ebola protection
  20. Abbas wants ICC to probe arson that killed Palestinian toddler

Universal Periodic Review, human rights, and Israel

Jan. 29, 2013 7:46 P.M. (Updated: Jan. 29, 2013 7:46 P.M.)
By: Peter Splinter
If the Israeli government is not careful, it will ruin an important global human rights process for everybody.

The Universal Periodic Review, a process to examine states’ human rights records, has until now been truly universal: all United Nations member states were reviewed by the end of 2011 and the second cycle of reviews has already started.

But now the government of Israel is not engaging with the process. Every indication is that the Israel will not be present today when it is scheduled to be examined under the Universal Periodic Review. As the only recalcitrant state among 193, Israel’s deliberate absence would sabotage the principle of universality. Consequently the Universal Periodic Review stands to lose the compelling legitimacy it derives from being applied evenhandedly to all states. Why should states that would prefer to escape scrutiny of their human rights record, or are severely resource constrained, submit to this process if Israel’s non-compliance demonstrates that it is no longer universal?

Not so long ago, Israel, and many other states and organizations, had expressed concerns that the Commission on Human Rights was biased and operated on double standards. It was abolished and in 2006 the Human Rights Council was established. With it came a great improvement: the Universal Periodic Review. Finally, a process applied consistently to all states was at hand, and in its first cycle of reviews, it worked. It is ironic that Israel is now undermining a mechanism that was designed to remedy the bias Israel protested against.

The Israeli government complained that the Human Rights Council singled Israel out for criticism by establishing a Fact-Finding Mission on Israeli Settlements in March 2012, and consequently withdrew its cooperation with the Council. Israel had already refused to cooperate with several important mechanisms such as the Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict in 2009. Yet those steps are unrelated to the Universal Periodic Review.

Amnesty International voices the worldwide consensus in urging Israel to participate in its Universal Periodic Review during 2013, in accordance with the rules of the Human Rights Council. Anything less than Israeli engagement at senior level will weaken the effectiveness of the mechanism. Even Israel’s best friends will be hard put to defend such actions. According to the Human Rights Council protocol, appropriate measures will be taken in relation to states that persistently refuse to co-operate with the Universal Periodic Review.

There is evidence that for many countries throughout the world the Universal Periodic Review has contributed to narrowing the gap between human rights standards and their implementation. It would be a great loss to the global human rights project if the Universal Periodic Review were jeopardized.

If Israel fails to fully engage in its examination under the Universal Periodic Review during 2013 as required, will the victims of human rights violations, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, thank the Israeli government?

Peter Splinter is Amnesty International’s representative to the United Nations in Geneva.
Powered By: HTD Technologies
Ma'an News Agency
All rights reserved © 2005-2015